European Migration and Diversity
Forced Migration Project
How can the EU play a greater and more coordinated role
A. Conceptual description of the project
Immigration will remain high on EU’s political agenda. However, the strategic guidelines on freedom, security and justice adopted by the European Council in June 2014 are far from envisioning any fundamental changes in the field of immigration for the upcoming 5 years. This “business as usual” approach does not create a fertile ground for questioning whether the paths undertaken in the past have led to the development of a sound and coherent EU migration policy enabling, among other issues, to avoid people dying at EU’s borders.
In these circumstances, the EPC, supported by several partners (Fondazione Cariplo, King Baudouin Foundation, Notre Europe – Jacques Delors Institute, Foundation for Initiatives and Studies on Multi-Ethnicity), has decided to launch a project seeking to open new avenues of thinking regarding EU’s action in the field of immigration. The project aims to assess whether key EU non-migration policies have an impact or not on the willingness/obligation of third country nationals to engage in migration towards the EU. It will therefore investigate whether EU’s development, trade, agriculture, fisheries and foreign policies generate or not migratory flows towards the EU. While innovative in its setting, the project aims to determine what type of coordination is needed between policies in order to ensure the development of a more comprehensive and sustainable EU migration policy.
B. Implementation of the project
The project will last 12 to 18 months (draft calendar):
- Mapping and understanding the phenomenon of forced, irregular and legal migration (1 October 2014);
- Common Foreign and Security Policy (11 December 2014);
- EU trade and investment policy (12 February 2015);
- EU development policy (12 March 2015);
- Common Agricultural Policy and Common Fisheries Policy (30 September 2015);
- Political leadership and public perception (October 2015).
For each theme two experts will be invited to (15-20 pages) address the main challenges in their field of expertise. These experts will present their findings and engage in discussions with a group of relevant stakeholders (decision makers, NGOs, academics, think tankers) during a one day seminar. Discussions will focus on the extent to which the other EU policies generate migratory flows from third countries towards the EU.
The final outcome will be a European Policy Centre publication. This publication will be printed and disseminated during a final conference which will take place in December 2015.