Europe in the World

The Arab Spring, the changing Mediterranean, and the EU: tools as a substitute for strategy?

30 June 2011
Rosa Balfour (Senior Adviser to EPC on Europe in the World)



In the Policy Brief, Rosa Balfour analyses EU responses to the momentous changes which the Arab Spring is bringing about to the Mediterranean by examining the broad variety of external action tools the EU can mobilise, from humanitarian aid to military intervention, the revision of the neighbourhood policy, migration policy, aid, and the sanctions packages. While the EU clearly has a well-equipped tool box, which often suffers from complex and slow institutional decision-making processes and differences of opinion within the EU, what is absent is a clearer and shared view of how to contribute to reshaping the Mediterranean region (which includes Europe). The revolutionaries have dispelled many myths about the Arab world; it is time the EU led some paradigm shift too in its foreign policy and in thinking about the Mediterranean.

The Arab Spring, the changing Mediterranean, and the EU: tools as a substitute for strategy?

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Head of Europe in the World programme and Senior Fellow

Giovanni Grevi
g.grevi@epc.eu

Researcher in EU energy and climate policy, Institute of European Studies, Free University of Brussels

Marco Giuli
marco.giuli@vub.be

Senior Policy Analysts

Paul Ivan
p.ivan@epc.eu
Amanda Paul
a.paul@epc.eu

Junior Policy Analyst

Ivano di Carlo
i.dicarlo@epc.eu

Programme Assistant

Marco Zeiss
marco.zeiss@epc.eu