Publications

After the annus horribilis: a review of the EU institutions

12 January 2006


A series of developments, economic and political, over the past three years in the European Union - including the entry into force of the Nice Treaty, the largest-ever enlargement of the EU, and the French and Dutch rejection of the Constitutional Treaty – have had a significant impact on the functioning of its institutions. This Working Paper, After the annus horribilis: a review of the EU institutions, is the product of a series of brainstorming seminars on the key institutions – Commission, Council and Parliament - with high-level practitioners and academics, to examine what works and what needs reform. The Paper includes reports on the three brainstorming seminars, articles by leading specialists on each institution, and conclusions by Antonio Vitorino, chair of the EPC's Political Europe programme.

After the annus horribilis: a review of the EU institutions